The North of the continent borders the Timor Sea, the east reaches the Coral Sea and the Tasman Sea, and the south touches the Indian Ocean. Australia is a continent that is smaller and geographically simpler than the others. Its land formations are divided into three general categories: the West Great Plateau, Mid-East Low Ground, and East High Ground.
① West Great Plateau
It is a rocky desert area with the average height of 330m occupying approximately 40% of the continent. It is spread over a half of Western Australia, the Northern Territory, parts of Queensland and South-Australia. The land is made up of mostly schist, gneiss and granite formed before the Paleozoic.
② Mid-East Low Ground
With an average height of less than 150m, this land stretches from the center of the continent to the east. As the land had been a seabed, fossils of fish and shells belonging to the Cretaceous period are found abundantly.
③ East High Ground
The land extends from the York Peninsula following along the Great Dividing Range from the North to the South. However, this mountainous land is only a continuance of the high ground and has no high mountains at all.
Australia has a policy promoting a multicultural society. However, European culture has heavily influenced its art for a long time, which also has influenced its environment, history, aboriginal cultures and relations with the neighboring countries.