TURKEY

 

  A commonwealth nation composed of Australia, Tasmania and other islands
Location : Oceania
Area : 7,686,850㎢
Capital : Canberra
Political System : Constitutional Democracy
Language : English
Currency : AU$


The North of the continent borders the Timor Sea, the east reaches the Coral Sea and the Tasman Sea, and the south touches the Indian Ocean. Australia is a continent that is smaller and geographically simpler than the others. Its land formations are divided into three general categories: the West Great Plateau, Mid-East Low Ground, and East High Ground.

① West Great Plateau
It is a rocky desert area with the average height of 330m occupying approximately 40% of the continent. It is spread over a half of Western Australia, the Northern Territory, parts of Queensland and South-Australia. The land is made up of mostly schist, gneiss and granite formed before the Paleozoic.

② Mid-East Low Ground
With an average height of less than 150m, this land stretches from the center of the continent to the east. As the land had been a seabed, fossils of fish and shells belonging to the Cretaceous period are found abundantly.

③ East High Ground
The land extends from the York Peninsula following along the Great Dividing Range from the North to the South. However, this mountainous land is only a continuance of the high ground and has no high mountains at all. Australia has a policy promoting a multicultural society. However, European culture has heavily influenced its art for a long time, which also has influenced its environment, history, aboriginal cultures and relations with the neighboring countries.

 

Korea entered diplomatic relations with Australia in May of 1963. North Korea established its diplomacy with Australia in 1974, when Australia was led by the Labor Party, but the relations were severed and the North Korean residence withdrawn in October of 1975. Relations resumed on May 8, 2000.

International agreements between Korea and Australia include the Trade of 1965 (revised in 1975) and the Cultural Exchange of 1971. The two nations also concluded a Treaty on mutual judicial assistance in criminal matters that would help each other investigate suspects, search for evidence, etc. in August 1992. The Science and Technology Agreement was concluded in September 1999. Prime Minister Fraser visited Korea in May 1982, and Hawk in February 1984, Keating in June 1993, and Haward in May 2000. Presidents YS Kim made a visit to Australia in 1994 and DJ Kim in 1999.

Imports from Korea were figured at 2.66 billion US$ and the exports were almost 6.00 billion US$ in 2000. Australia mostly exported minerals, agricultural commodities and other primary resources and imported automobiles, electronic goods, communications equipment, tires and petrochemical products. Immigrants in Australia from Korea numbered about 20,900 as did the expatriates (about 20,900) in 2000.