The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, which is its official name, is a landlocked nation with Belgium to the south, France to the east and Germany to the west. The country is 84 km long and 52 km wide, encompassing an area of 2586 km². Called “the antique of Europe” by Napoleon, this small kingdom has been politically neutral for a long period. Viewed by some as a remnant of the European Feudal System, it has been a buffer zone between the traditional power neighbors Germany and France. While its official name originates from words meaning ‘a small castle,’ because its domain lies in the border area between the Germanic and Latin culture just like Belgium’s does, it has been influenced by both Germanic and Latin culture. The writing, “We would like to preserve what we have,” well demonstrates the people’s character. The people have cultivated their own unique society in spite of their powerful neighbors throughout their history.
Luxembourg enjoys a temperate climate, but its average temperature registers at 8.8°C. Because its annual precipitation averages 740mm, the land is not so suitable for forestry. Grassland occupies 20%, mountainous land 21% and agricultural land makes up 25% of its territory.