Korean War & UN

We pay tribute to those who died in Korea fighting for freedom and peace.

 

  An island nation in Western Europe
Location : North Atlantic Ocean of Western Europe
Area : 244,820㎢
Capital : London
Political System : Constitutional Monarchy
Language : English
Currency : Pound Sterling


The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (commonly known as the ' United Kingdom ', or ' UK ') is made up of the countries of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The term ' Great Britain ' is sometimes used to indicate England, Scotland and Wales. Great Britain is the largest island of the British Isles. On this page the term 'UK' is used informally to mean the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

The UK 's Parliament is one of the oldest in the world, having its origins in the mid-thirteenth century. Its principles of free elections, freedom of speech and open and equal treatment before the law continue to be fervently upheld.

Parliament consists of three parts: the House of Commons, House of Lords and the Crown. It is responsible for making laws, examining the work of government, controlling finance, protecting the individual as well as examining European proposals and debating key issues.

At the end of the twentieth century legislation was passed by the UK Parliament to create a devolved parliament or assembly in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

As a member state of the European Union the UK is bound by the various types of European Community (EC) legislation and wider policies that are based on a series of treaties signed since the 1950s. Almost all UK Government departments are involved in European Union (EU) activities. The UK has 78 members of the European Parliament and there are elections every 5 years.

UK does not have a single national flower. England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland have the rose, thistle, daffodil and shamrock as their national flowers respectively.

The flag of Britain is commonly known as the Union Jack and embodies the emblems of three countries under one sovereign. The emblems that appear on the Union Flag are the crosses of three patron saints: the red cross of St. George on a white background (England), the white diagonal cross of St. Andrew on a blue background(Scotland) and the red diagonal cross of St. Patrick on a white background (Ireland). Wales is not represented on the National Flag because when the first version of the flag appeared, Wales was already united with England.

The British national anthem 'God Save The Queen' originated in a patriotic folk song first performed in 1745. There is no authorised version - the words used are a matter of tradition - and the title can change depending on the gender of the reigning monarch ('God Save The King' is also used).

The UK enjoys a temperate climate moderated by prevailing westerly winds and the warm North Atlantic Current. Temperatures rarely drop below zero degrees centigrade in winter or rise above 32 degrees in summer. The coldest period, when temperatures may fall to zero, is in late January to early February. It tends to be slightly colder in the north of England and in Scotland, than in the south. Frequent weather change, which is one of the UK's main climate characteristics, is mainly caused by low pressure in the Iceland area.

The Commonwealth is a voluntary association of independent states, all but two of which - Mozambique and Cameroon - were once governed by the British. In 1926 the UK and all the countries concerned agreed that they are "equal in status, in no way subordinate one to another in any aspect of their domestic or external affairs, though united by common allegiance to the Crown and freely associated as members of the British Commonwealth of Nations."

The modern Commonwealth was founded in 1949. From a handful of members then the Commonwealth has grown to its present day 53 members, comprising countries from almost every continent in the world. One in three people in the world is a Commonwealth citizen. They are people from many races and traditions and from very different economic backgrounds. But they have a shared heritage, based on English as a common language and similar administrative, educational, judicial and legal systems.

 

The UK's diplomatic relations with Korea date back to 1883 with the signing of the Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation. A British diplomatic mission to Korea was established at that point and remains on the same site next to Deoksu Palace to this day.

When war came to Korea in June of 1950 the British government at once condemned the North Korean action. Britain was second only to the United States in the contribution it made to the UN effort in Korea. 87,000 British troops took part in the Korean conflict and over 1,000 British servicemen lost their lives.

In 1957 the status of the British diplomatic mission to Seoul was upgraded to that of a full Embassy, further strengthening the relationship between the two countries. This was reflected in an increase in trade and growing political interest. There have been many high level visits between the two countries. The State Visit of Queen Elizabeth II who spent her 70th birthday in Andong Korea in 1999 and the return State Visit of President Roh Moo-hyun in 2004 are remembered as highlights of the relationship.

The relationship is supported by the work of the many bi-national friendship associations. These include the Korea Britain Society, the Friendship Association of Parliamentary Members, the Korea-UK Economic Co-operative Committee and many alumni associations representing the growing number of Koreans who study in the UK (some 20,000 Koreans study in the UK every year.)

Commercial relations between Korea and the UK are strong and growing. For Korea, the UK is a key market, being its 8th largest export country and providing a healthy trade surplus. In 2006, Korea exported US$ 5.6 billion of goods to the UK. The biggest earning sectors were mobile phones, ships and motor vehicles. The UK is the 25th largest source of imports for Korea with US$ 2.98 billion of products imported in 2006. Key areas include electrical machinery, pharmaceuticals, optical instruments, medical equipment and organic chemicals.

The Korean Embassy in London state that approximately 35,000 Koreans live in the UK, including some 15,000 language-course students.

 


New Address/Same Location : 93, UN Pyeonghwa-ro, Nam-gu, Busan, 48529, Republic of Korea (New address system has been used in Korea since 2014.)

Old Address : 779, Daeyon 4-dong, Nam-gu, Busan, 608-812, Republic of Korea Phone 82-51-625-0625 Fax 82-51-624-2165