Korean War & UN

We pay tribute to those who died in Korea fighting for freedom and peace.

 

  A country in Western Europe between the Atlantic
Ocean and the Mediterranean

Location : Western Europe
Area : 547,030㎢
Capital : Paris
Political System : Republic
Language : French
Currency : Euro
National Flower : Lily


Its official name is French Republic. Roughly hexagonal in shape, three sides are surrounded by sea and the other three by mountains. France shares its boundary with Germany, Switzerland, and Italy eastward, Belgium and Luxembourg northeastward and Spain southward. France faces the Atlantic in the west, England lies across the English Channel, and the Mediterranean is to the south. Having the territorial size 2.5 times that of England, 2.2 times that of Germany, or 1.8 times of Italy, it is geographically the largest of the European nations after Russia. Its population is the 4th after Germany, Italy, and England. The national flag is of three colors; blue, white and red, which represents freedom, equality and benevolence.
Being located between the Atlantic & Mediterranean and in the middle area between the Iberia Peninsula & Central Europe, France absorbed Mediterranean civilizations early on and passed them on to Northern Europe and it regards itself as being the center of Europe. Because of its geographical location, France has often been at war with neighboring rival nations like Germany and Italy throughout its national history. Overcoming historical difficulties, France enjoys its powerful international position today. Under the banner of freedom, equality and benevolence, France declared the rights of its citizens via the ‘French Revolution,’ established its political freedom and heavily influenced European culture in the 19th century.

France colonized 9.21 million square kilometers of land world-wide from the 19th century to early 20th century, larger than that of the UK at one time. Currently its overseas administrative regions include Martinique, Guadeloupe, Reunion, French Guiana, Saint Pierre and Miquelon. Its overseas territories are French Southern and Antarctic Lands, French Polynesia, Wallis and Futuna, New Caledonia, Mayotte and others. Many of its former colonies, e.g. Congo, Gabon, Senegal, and Chad, have joined a commonality of nations led by France after their independence. Although most of its colonies in the past are now independent nations, France is a leader of the EU in Europe and the UN. It is a permanent member of the Security Council. France possesses all of the three typical climatic patterns of Europe: Oceanic, Continental and Mediterranean. Climate of local areas depend on geographical factors such as location and elevation of the land.

 

France was the first western nation to have national relations with Korea. When a French missionary, P. Mobang, came to Korea on the Aprok river in 1835 and a Catholic bishop, Anber (Korean name, Bom Se-hyung) and a Catholic father, Shasteng, snuck into Korea in 1836, and were responsible for the birth of the first Korean Catholic father, Dae-gon Kim. They propagated Catholicism throughout Korea. Bishop Anber, Father Shasteng and Mobang were martyred in 1839 for spreading evil belief and 7 Catholic Fathers including the Bishop in Korea were killed in the 3rd year of King Gojong (1866) which caused the French warships led by Admiral Rose to sail up the Han River in protest. Following this incident, which Korean historians named ‘Byonin Yangyo,’ Korea tightened its closed door policy. After the fall of Hungsun Daewongoon, who had been most powerful political figure in Korea at the time, Korea opened its door to the western nations. France and Korea concluded several treaties following the establishment of diplomatic relations in 1886. However, when Korea was dominated by Japan later on diplomatic relations ended and France served as an unofficial channel for advocating Korea’s independence.

Official diplomacy with permanent residence between the two nations began after Korea’s independent in 1945 and the founding of a modern Korean government in February 1949. France sent troops to Korea with the UN forces during the Korean War and as a friendship nation of Korea, France has maintained close cooperative relations in economic, scientific, technological, cultural and other areas. Agreements between the two include; Tariff of 1963, Civil Aviation of June 1974. The Visas Waiver Program became effective in October 1989. Regarding North Korea, France has had unofficial diplomatic relations since they accepted the upgrading of the North Korean representation in Paris from commerce to general on December 1 of 1984.

In April 1985, Prime Minister Fabius visited Korea as the first French prime minister to do so. Korean President Noh made an official visit to France in November 1989 and held summit meetings with French President Mitterand. They reached an agreement on transferring advance technology and others. President YS Kim visited France in March 1995 and the Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs, Seon, lead a delegation to Paris to attend the 8th French-Korean Policy Conference. Prime minister JP Kim visited France in 1998 and 1999 and President DJ Kim Dae-jung in 2000 and 2002. Prime Minister Rocard officially called on Korea in 1991, President Mitterand in 1993 and President Chirac in 2000.

Exports to Korea by France were worth 1.980 billion US dollars, and imports from Korea were 1.445 billion US dollars in 2001. The main export goods included semiconductors, crude petroleum, spice, detergent, railcars & parts while the imports included ships, automobiles, wireless telephones, computers, clothing and semiconductors. Korean immigrants and expatriates numbered about 10,000 in 2002.



New Address/Same Location : 93, UN Pyeonghwa-ro, Nam-gu, Busan, 48529, Republic of Korea (New address system has been used in Korea since 2014.)

Old Address : 779, Daeyon 4-dong, Nam-gu, Busan, 608-812, Republic of Korea Phone 82-51-625-0625 Fax 82-51-624-2165